The U.S. State health Department and the medical specialists have given the guidlines on how to prevent Ebola from spreading.
These guideline are in accordance with guidelines from the centre for Disease Control and the World Health Organisation, WHO.
• The suspected reservoirs for or carriers of Ebola are fruit bats.
• Transmission of Ebola virus to humans is thought to originate from infected bats or primates that have become infected by bats.
• Undercooked infected bat and primate (bush) meat transmits the virus to humans.
• Human to human transmission of Ebola virus is only achieved by physical contact with a person who is acutely and gravely ill from the Ebola virus or their body fluids.
• Transmission among humans is almost exclusively among caregiver family members or health care workers tending to the very ill.
• The virus is easily killed by contact with soap, bleach, sunlight, or drying. A washing machine will kill the virus in clothing saturated with infected body fluids.
• A person can incubate the virus without symptoms for 2-21 days, the average being 5-8 days before becoming ill. .Carriers of Ebola virus ARE NOT CONTAGIOUS until they are acutely ill.
• Only when ill does the viral load express itself first in the blood and then in other bodily fluids (to include vomit, feces, urine, breast milk, semen and sweat).
• If you are walking around you are not infectious to others.
• There are documented cases from Kikwit, DRC of an Ebola outbreak in a village that had the custom of children never touching an ill adult, . Children living for days in small one room huts with parents who died from Ebola did not become infected.
• You cannot contract Ebola virus by handling money, buying local bread or swimming in a pool.
According to the World Health Organization, WHO, the Ebola epidemic currently in West Africa could spread to other countries if not properly controlled.
The WHO raised the death toll by 57 to 729 on Thursday, announcing that 122 new cases had been detected between Thursday and Sunday last week, bringing the total to more than 1,300 since the epidemic began earlier this year.
It would be recalled that one case of the deadly Ebola virus was detected in Nigeria last week via a Liberian businessman, Patrick Sawyer, when he arrived Lagos International Airport already being infected.
The Liberian man was later declared dead by the Lagos State health authorities.